Although most legal systems recognize the importance of the guilty mind, or mens rea, the statutes have not always spelled out exactly what is meant by this concept.
Some penal offenses do not require the demonstration of culpable mind on the part of the accused.
Civil Law deals with cases where wrong is done against a particular individual. Criminal Law includes matters of offense against society at large. The most common civil wrongs are Negligence and breach of contract, murder, rape, etc. The source of civil and criminal laws lies in the colonial era